Environmental Health and Safety (REHS), recognizing
that hazards may be encountered during work in
shop areas, has developed this Machine Shop Safety
Program. This program is intended to assure that:
are provided training and information on how
to protect themselves from shop and machine
maintenance is conducted and standard operating
procedures are in place for machinery and equipment
persons trained and knowledgeable in the use
of a specific piece of equipment use that equipment,
work is performed in accordance with applicable
program includes provisions to assist with protecting
employees from hazards. To meet this objective,
the University will:
workplaces to identify shop areas covered by
a Safety Coordinator for each shop to manage
this program for their shop(s).
and provide training to individuals who will
work in shop areas or serve as Shop Safety Coordinators.
guidelines for Shop Safety Coordinators to create
written practices and procedures for machinery
an audit system to measure the effectiveness
and use of the program and its components.
program has been designed to comply with Occupational
Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standard
29 CFR 1910.211-.219 Machinery and Machine Guarding
and New Jersey Department of Labor standards.
Also included are applicable parts of related
OSHA (PEOSH) standards relating to housekeeping,
means of egress, and hand and power tools.
program applies to all departments that have shop
areas and employees who work in shop areas that
have fixed or permanently stationed or stored
With regard to construction work, the program
does not cover temporary worksites with equipment
placed to conduct on-site construction activities.
Those portable pieces of equipment will be covered
by this program at the location where they are
stored when not in use.
will conduct annual inspections of machine shops
as part of the program audit process. Additional
inspections of machine shops must be conducted
by the Shop Safety Coordinator as necessary to
maintain compliance with this program.
machines, and other surfaces must be kept free
of dirt and debris. If floor surfaces are wet
or become wet during work activities, they should
be protected with a non-slip coating or covering.
Wood and metal chips, sawdust, and other debris
must be routinely cleaned if collection systems
are not in place and operating.
materials must be stored in such a manner as to
prevent falling, slipping, or rolling. Material
should not be stored on the floor, and may not
be stored where they will impede egress from the
area. Use shelves or cabinets, as appropriate,
to store materials.
must be stored in cabinets approved for that use,
as appropriate. Do not store incompatible chemicals
together. Remember that Material Safety Data Sheets
for all chemicals used must be maintained in the
and combustible liquids include, but are not limited
to, materials such as gasoline, oils, some paints,
lacquers, thinners, cleaners, and solvents. To
determine if a material or product is flammable
or combustible, review the Material Safety Data
Sheet (MSDS) or read the manufacturers label on
approved containers and portable tanks may be
used for the storage and handling of flammable
and combustible liquids.
amount of flammable or combustible liquids that
may be stored in any one flammable storage cabinet
is strictly limited. As a general rule, do not
store more than 25 gallons in one cabinet. If
you need to store larger quantities in one location,
please contact REHS for guidance at 848-445-2550
or refer to the Fire and Emergency Services.732-445-3077.
storage of flammable or combustible liquids
inside of a building and outside of an approved
storage cabinet is also limited. As a general
rule, you may not store flammable liquids inside
of any building that is outside of a flammable
storage cabinet, except for amounts that can
be easily used in one working day. If you need
to store larger quantities in one location,
please contact REHS for guidance.
liquids must be kept in closed containers when
not actually in use.
and legible signs prohibiting smoking must be
posted in areas where flammable and combustible
liquids are dispensed or used.
flammable liquids away from all sources of heat.
An empty container can hold enough liquid or
vapors to support an explosion.
electrically ground containers when transferring
flammable liquids to prevent ignition from static
up spills immediately; the longer the liquid
vaporizes the more hazardous the area becomes.
flammable and combustible liquid containers
must be properly labeled. Contact REHS as needed
for more information or training on labeling
any cloth or paper rags, or material that has
been saturated with flammable or combustible
liquids, in an approved metal can with a tight-fitting
lid. These materials should be removed on a
daily basis and placed into a 55-gallon metal
drum with tight fitting lid located in an approved
storage location. Contact REHS at 848-445-2550
for approval of the storage location and to
arrange disposal of the drum when full.
remove/replace clothing that has become saturated
with a flammable or combustible liquid-even
if it is just a little. Saturated clothing can
easily ignite if exposed to an ignition source,
such as radiant heat, flame, sparks or slag
from hot work, or an electrical arc.
shop area must be accessed only by those persons
who have received training consistent with this
and walkways must be kept free of debris and obstructions
and a clear path must be maintained to the exit.
Machinery should be placed so that a clear and
safe operating area is maintained for each machine.
shop area must have adequate lighting to perform
the work safely, and sufficient ventilation and
noise control as needed to control exposures to
harmful dusts, mists, fumes, chemicals, or noise.
person should work in a shop area alone. Hours
of operation should be established. Emergency
contact numbers must be readily available.
Shop Safety Coordinator should establish shop
specific information such as hours of operation,
controls over who can access the space, and general
housekeeping rules and post this information near
the shop entrance. Shop guidelines and rules must
be clearly posted.