Health and Safety (REHS), recognizing that hazards may
be encountered during work in shop areas, has developed
this Machine Shop Safety Program. This program is intended
to assure that:
are provided training and information on how to protect
themselves from shop and machine hazards,
maintenance is conducted and standard operating procedures
are in place for machinery and equipment use,
- Only persons
trained and knowledgeable in the use of a specific
piece of equipment use that equipment, and
- All work
is performed in accordance with applicable regulatory
includes provisions to assist with protecting employees
from hazards. To meet this objective, the University
workplaces to identify shop areas covered by this
a Safety Coordinator for each shop to manage this
program for their shop(s).
and provide training to individuals who will work
in shop areas or serve as Shop Safety Coordinators.
guidelines for Shop Safety Coordinators to create
written practices and procedures for machinery and
an audit system to measure the effectiveness and use
of the program and its components.
program has been designed to comply with Occupational
Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standard 29
CFR 1910.211-.219 Machinery and Machine Guarding and
New Jersey Department of Labor standards. Also included
are applicable parts of related OSHA (PEOSH) standards
relating to housekeeping, means of egress, and hand
and power tools.
program applies to all departments that have shop areas
and employees who work in shop areas that have fixed
or permanently stationed or stored equipment.
With regard to construction work, the program does not
cover temporary worksites with equipment placed to conduct
on-site construction activities. Those portable pieces
of equipment will be covered by this program at the
location where they are stored when not in use.
will conduct annual inspections of machine shops as
part of the program audit process. Additional inspections
of machine shops must be conducted by the Shop Safety
Coordinator as necessary to maintain compliance with
machines, and other surfaces must be kept free of dirt
and debris. If floor surfaces are wet or become wet
during work activities, they should be protected with
a non-slip coating or covering.
Wood and metal chips, sawdust, and other debris must
be routinely cleaned if collection systems are not in
place and operating.
Material Storage and
materials must be stored in such a manner as to prevent
falling, slipping, or rolling. Material should not be
stored on the floor, and may not be stored where they
will impede egress from the area. Use shelves or cabinets,
as appropriate, to store materials.
must be stored in cabinets approved for that use, as
appropriate. Do not store incompatible chemicals together.
Remember that Material Safety Data Sheets for all chemicals
used must be maintained in the shop area.
Flammable and Combustible
and combustible liquids include, but are not limited
to, materials such as gasoline, oils, some paints, lacquers,
thinners, cleaners, and solvents. To determine if a
material or product is flammable or combustible, review
the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or read the manufacturers
label on the product.
- Only approved
containers and portable tanks may be used for the
storage and handling of flammable and combustible
- The amount
of flammable or combustible liquids that may be stored
in any one flammable storage cabinet is strictly limited.
As a general rule, do not store more than 25 gallons
in one cabinet. If you need to store larger quantities
in one location, please contact REHS for guidance
at 848-445-2550 or refer to the Fire and Emergency
- The storage
of flammable or combustible liquids inside of a building
and outside of an approved storage cabinet is also
limited. As a general rule, you may not store flammable
liquids inside of any building that is outside of
a flammable storage cabinet, except for amounts that
can be easily used in one working day. If you need
to store larger quantities in one location, please
contact REHS for guidance.
liquids must be kept in closed containers when not
actually in use.
and legible signs prohibiting smoking must be posted
in areas where flammable and combustible liquids are
dispensed or used.
- Keep flammable
liquids away from all sources of heat. An empty container
can hold enough liquid or vapors to support an explosion.
electrically ground containers when transferring flammable
liquids to prevent ignition from static electricity.
up spills immediately; the longer the liquid vaporizes
the more hazardous the area becomes.
- All flammable
and combustible liquid containers must be properly
labeled. Contact REHS as needed for more information
or training on labeling requirements.
any cloth or paper rags, or material that has been
saturated with flammable or combustible liquids, in
an approved metal can with a tight-fitting lid. These
materials should be removed on a daily basis and placed
into a 55-gallon metal drum with tight fitting lid
located in an approved storage location. Contact REHS
at 848-445-2550 for approval of the storage location
and to arrange disposal of the drum when full.
remove/replace clothing that has become saturated
with a flammable or combustible liquid-even if it
is just a little. Saturated clothing can easily ignite
if exposed to an ignition source, such as radiant
heat, flame, sparks or slag from hot work, or an electrical
area must be accessed only by those persons who have
received training consistent with this program.
and walkways must be kept free of debris and obstructions
and a clear path must be maintained to the exit.
Machinery should be placed so that a clear and safe
operating area is maintained for each machine.
shop area must have adequate lighting to perform the
work safely, and sufficient ventilation and noise control
as needed to control exposures to harmful dusts, mists,
fumes, chemicals, or noise.
person should work in a shop area alone. Hours of operation
should be established. Emergency contact numbers must
be readily available.
Shop Safety Coordinator should establish shop specific
information such as hours of operation, controls over
who can access the space, and general housekeeping rules
and post this information near the shop entrance. Shop
guidelines and rules must be clearly posted.